R1.2: Metadata and data are associated with detailed provenance

The 14th of the 15 FAIR principles, R1.2: metadata and data are associated with detailed provenance. A dive into the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) Provenance Data Model -- what are the different parts of provenance, and what are some terms that can be used in order to manage it?

https://www.w3.org/TR/prov-dm/#dfn-provenance

# Component 1: Entities/Activities:
Type: Entity
Type: Activity
Relation: Generation/Invalidation (E-Act)
Relation: Usage (Act-E)
Relation: Communication (Act1-[E]-Act2)

Relation: Trigger/Starter of Start of Act (trigger E, starter Act)
Relation: Trigger/Ender of End of Act End of Act (trigger E, ender Act)


# Component 2: Derivations:
Relation: Derivation (E-E, E-Act)

Relation: Revision (E-E)
Relation: Quotation (E-E)
Relation: Primary Source (E-E)

# Component3 : Agents, Responsibility, and Influence
Type: Agent
Relation: Attribution (E-Agt)
Relation: Association (Act-Agt (role), Act-E (plan))
Relation: Delegation (Agt-Act) - acted on behalf of

Relation: Influencer/Influencee ({E,Act,Agt}-[usage,start,end,generation,invalidation,communication,derviation,attribution,association,delgation]-{E,Act,Agt})

3 core types: entities, activities, agents. “instantaneous events” are put in context of activities.
wrt "time instants":
- generation is at instant of completion of production
- usage is at instant of beginning of utilization
- start, when activity is deemed started, is an instant
- end, when activity is deemed ended, is an instant
- invalidation is at instant of start of destruction, cessation, or expiry

10 influencing relations (not including 3 included subtypes of derivation - (1) [was] revision [of], (2) quotation ("was quoted from"), (3) [had] primary source).